Building Web applications is quite similar to building a home. A developer can create construction materials and the basic building blocks or foundations from scratch. Why go through that effort, though, if there are ready-made materials available out there already? We can save time by just buying those materials pre-built.
Frameworks are similar to that. We can utilize commonly-used, ready-made website and web app features to save time and money and avoid common human errors. While using frameworks, instead of creating a skeleton or solution from scratch, a web developer can concentrate on solving more serious challenges and adding more complex functionality to their websites and web applications.
Having wide popularity also means the technology has been used a lot. The product probably also likely enjoys a lot of technical support and feedback, meaning it is safer and more stable than less popular JS frameworks.
- Extensibility: How easy is it to integrate other libraries or third-party applications? These extra components can add increased functionality to a JS framework and help save you time, money and increase the overall performance of the products you create.
Created by Facebook, React has gained popularity in a very short period of time despite the fact it is not a complete framework.
React is widely used in Enterprise applications that have a need for high performance delivered to users. The User interfaces of Instagram and Facebook are powered by React. Tech giants such as Netflix, NY Times, Yahoo Mail, and WhatsApp are using React as the main technology to power their sites because of its benefits for responsive, single-page applications.
- Component-based: React is component-based and declarative. The web pages are split into small components to create User Interfaces. The component feature is really helpful for maintaining code while working with large projects.
- Virtual DOM: For every DOM object, React creates a virtual copy of that DOM for better loading speed.
- Data Binding: React uses one-way data binding for performance. Flux controls are used for one-way data binding within an application architecture. Flux controls the application workflow while ReactJS helps update the View for the user.
- Component-based architecture makes React easier for maintainability and reusability of defined components.
- React can be used with other frameworks including Angular and Backbone easily.
Companies using React include: Airbnb, Uber, Netflix, Pinterest, Facebook, and Instagram
Stars on Github: 171k
Angular is a popular open-source front-end development framework by Google which is primarily used for developing dynamic single-page web applications (SPA). Angular has a lot of advantages, like Modularity, which makes apps much lighter and faster. Another benefit of Angular is the CLI tool, which streamlines the creation of a project.
What’s more, since Angular 8 was released in 2019, it comes with Ivy, which is a next-generation compilation and rendering pipeline.
- Data-binding: The two-way data-binding reduces the efforts of writing lots of code. Data is automatically synchronized between model and view components.
- Angular CLI: Command line tool for adding components, testing, deploying, and much more.
- The use of Typescript in Angular helps in the maintainability of code as well as the performance of the app.
- Progressive Web Apps: Great tool for building PWAs that were introduced by Google back in 2015.
- Support for Native apps: Native apps can be created with the help of NativeScript, Ionic, or Cordova technology.
Companies using Angular include: Google, PayPal, Amazon, The Guardian, and Upwork.
Stars on Github: 74k
Vue.js, an open-source and progressive framework for building user interfaces, was released in 2014 and is one of the fastest-growing JS frameworks embraced by the developer community. It gets most of its concepts from Angular and React.
Vue.js has a template style like Angular and has component-based props similar to ReactJS. Vue.js provides an easy and fast fix for the web interfaces powering advanced single-page web applications.
- Templates: Vue.js uses HTML-based template syntax that binds the DOM with the Vue.js instance data.
- Transitions: There are several methods to apply a transition to HTML elements when added, updated, or removed from the DOM.
- Component-based: Components extend the basic HTML elements for enhancing code reusability.
- Vue.js has a robust reactivity system. The view is automatically updated whenever models are modified.
- Gentle learning curve.
Companies using Vue.js include: GitLab, Glovo, Accenture, and Trustpilot.
Stars on Github: 186k
Yehuda Katz created Ember for developing “ambitious” web apps. Ember was introduced to the software market in 2015 as an open-source framework used for creating a single page and large web applications.
Ember.js facilitates two-way data binding and, therefore, can handle complicated User Interfaces.
- Based on the Model-view-view model (MVVM) pattern and follows the Convention over Configuration.
- Ember-CLI: Ember’s CLI, a command-line utility that comes along with the framework’s software stack.
- Ember Templates: Written with Handlebars templating language, Templates are built into the UI.
- The Ember data library is pretty good.
- Client-side rendering.
- Minimizes the DOM.
Companies using Ember include: Netflix, Microsoft, Apple (Apple Music, the desktop application), Square, and LinkedIn.
Stars on Github: 22k
There are numerous advantages of using Svelte, but it is new, and the community is quite small. However, it can still be a good option among the frameworks, libraries, and instruments to consider.
Some points to consider about Svelte:
- No work of framework in the browser.
- Within style tags, CSS can be written in files itself.
- Simpler syntax to learn.
- .svelte file extension.
- High performance in terms of size and speed, competing with top frameworks like Angular, Vue, and React.
- Since there is nothing like framework in browser and code compiled into vanilla JS at runtime, so the apps run faster.
- Little bundle size.
- Less boilerplate code.
Companies using Svelte include: The New York Times and GoDaddy.
Stars on Github: 48k
Node is extensively used in many projects as a back-end because it facilitates numerous integration tools and is convenient too.
Features of Node.js
- Open source: Several amazing models have been contributed to Node’s Community for bringing capabilities to the Node applications.
- Node is single-threaded and consists of event-looping.
- Asynchronous and event-driven: Node’s nature is asynchronous, which means the server doesn’t wait for an API to return data; thus, response to data requests is quite faster.
- No buffering: Node applications output the data in chunks, so data is never buffered.
- Same code for server-side as well as client-side
- Needed files can be obtained easily from Node Package Manager(NPM).
Companies using Node include: Uber, Netflix, Twitter, Reddit, Figma, Slack, and eBay.
Stars on Github: 80k
Features of MeteorJS
- APIs, libraries, drivers, etc.
- Meteor provides a front-end as well as a back-end solution for developing and using web applications.
- Scalable and beginner-friendly.
- Easy project setup.
Companies using Meteor include: Accenture, FashionUnited, and Deloitte.
Stars on Github: 42k
- Two-way data binding for better performance.
- Extensible HTML: Custom HTML can be created for data-binding, batched rendering, and dynamic loading.
- Supports ES2016, ES2015, ES5, and TypeScript.
- Simpler framework structure, hence easier to learn.
- Easy setup and configuration.
Companies using Aurelia include: Deloitte, Polyglot Stack, and Chegg.
Stars on Github: 11k