Create an Static HTML5 Web Project in Eclipse
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Downloading and Installing Eclipse Juno
Eclipse Juno is available for download from the eclipse.org site. HTML5 support was added to the second Helios release. It's your best bet is you only want to create static web pages and want to minimize the download time. The latest and greatest at this time is Juno. The specific flavor that we're going to use is the Eclipse IDE for Java EE Developers. On the download page, you'll see several links for different operating systems on the right-hand side of the page. Supported OSes include Windows 32 & 64 bit, Mac OS X (Cocoa 32 & 64), as well as Linux 32 & 64 bit. All versions are compressed as .zip archives for Windows and .tar files for Mac and Linux. Each archive is a self contained installation, so there's no fancy install wizards to go through or, in the case of Windows, DLL files going into your System directory. Just decide where you want to put Eclipse and extract to that folder. The downside to not having an installation program is that, at least in Windows, there is not program group created in your Start menu. Therefore, I recommend creating a shortcut to the eclipse executable in the "eclipse" root of the installation archive.
Designating a Workspace
You probably know the drill already, but for those of you who are new to Eclipse, this bears going over.
A workspace is a place to group related projects together. Every time that you launch Eclipse, it will ask you to choose a workspace to work from, unless you tell it to always open the same one. If it's the first time that you run eclipse, you'll have to choose a folder to store your projects in. By convention, I like to include the word "workspace" in the folder name so that workspaces are easier to find later. A good name for this one might be "Web workspace".
Creating the Project
To create the project, Select New > Static Web Project from the main menu. If you don't see it there, select Other… to bring up the Select a Wizard dialog. Then expand the Web folder; you'll see "Static Web Project" there. Select it and click Next >. On the Static Web Project screen, give your project a name, like "HTML5 Demo", and click Next >. On the following screen, note that the space between HTML5 and Demo is replaced by an underscore. Click Finish to create the project.
Adding an HTML File
Expand the HTML5 Demo folder in the Project Explorer, right-click on the WebContent folder and select New > HTML File from the popup menu.
On the "Create a New HTML File" screen of the "New HTML file" wizard, enter "index" in the File name field. Eclipse will automatically add the extension. Click Next >
On the Select HTML Template screen you can see the inclusion of an HTML5 template - New HTML File (5). Select it and click Finish to create the new HTML file. That will also open it in the Editor pane:
<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <meta charset="ISO-8859-1"> <title>Insert title here</title> </head> <body> </body> </html>
Changing the Character Encoding
The default character set is "ISO-8859-1". There are two ways to change it: globally or on a case-by-case basis. The global settings can be located via Window > Preferences from the menu bar. On the Preferences dialog, expand the Web item and select HTML Files. On that screen, you'll see an Encoding drop-down. It contains numerous character sets to choose from. I tend to favor ISO 10646/Unicode(UTF-8) myself. There are also settings for the default file extension (suffix) and encoding when loading files. Click OK to save any changes and close the dialog. The encoding of a specific page can be accessed via the Properties dialog. Right click the index.html page in Project Explorer to bring up the popup menu and select Properties at the bottom. Under Text file encoding, there is a radio button that allows you to select the character set from a drop-down. It contains far less entries than those of the global preferences, but it does have the most common character sets, including UTF-8. Changing the encoding from here doesn't change it in the meta tag either; you'll have to do that manually.
Today we saw how to use Eclipse to create a Static Web Project using the new HTML5 Template. In the next article, we'll look at how to use the auto-complete feature, the WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get) Editor, and learn how to create our own HTML5 templates.
If you enjoyed this article, please contribute to Rob's rock star aspirations by purchasing one of Rob's cover or original songs from iTunes.com for only 0.99 cents each.
Rob Gravelle resides in Ottawa, Canada, and is the founder of GravelleWebDesign.com. Rob has built systems for Intelligence-related organizations such as Canada Border Services, CSIS as well as for numerous commercial businesses. EmailRob to receive a free estimate on your software project.
In his spare time, Rob has become an accomplished guitar player, and has released several CDs. His former band, Ivory Knight, was rated as one Canada's top hard rock and metal groups by Brave Words magazine (issue #92).
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