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June 14, 2004-- Newsletter #289
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Goodies to Go (tm)
June 14, 2004--Newsletter #289
This newsletter is part of the internet.com network.
Featured this week:
* Goodies Thoughts - Windows vs Linux
* Q & A Goodies
* News Goodies
* Goodies Peer Reviews
* And Remember This...
The new Beyond HTML Goodies book is now available!
Goodies Thoughts - Windows vs Linux
Should your hosting solution be Windows or Unix/Linux?
First off, you have to give me credit for courage! This is not a question that I can address without upsetting one or another group of my readers! Beliefs in which is the superior platform seem to be held stronger than many religious beliefs. So, just in case you're in that one group, or in that other one, I apologize in advance for everything I say that upsets you -- even though I know that won't do any good!
I am, however, going to attempt to point out those few differences that can make a difference, and at the same time, point out those things which are commonly believed to be different, but actually aren't so different after all. I think that in order to keep as many readers as calm as possible for as long as possible, I'll start with those things that aren't so different.
Features. There are those who believe that ASP means you have to be on a Windows platform. Nope! What used to be Chilisoft, now Sun Java System Active Server Pages, provides ASP support on various Linux and Solaris platforms. Similarly, PERL, PHP, MySQL and the like are all fully supportable on a Windows platform.
Direct support for email from a form is as easy on Unix/Linux as it is on Windows. The same applies to database connectivity. FrontPage Extensions are available for both OSs. None of these things need be a factor in your decision.
Stability. There's a notion among aficionados of one platform that their favorite is more stable then the other. First off, stability is not so easy to measure. It's a combination of many different factors, not the least of which is security. Security is server systems is much more a factor of the quality of administrative and security personnel and procedures than it is of the platform deployed. Whether or not one is more secure than the other by its own nature is the subject of an ongoing raging debate that looks to me like it will never end. It's the equivalent of Ford vs Chrysler vs General Motors.
Take a look at these, for example:
Pro-linux: http://www.securityfocus.com/columnists/188 and the counterpoint: http://www.securityfocus.com/guest/23028
Pro Windows: http://www.microsoft.com/mscorp/facts/default.asp (there are several external references in there)
and a little more balanced: http://www.eweek.com/article2/0,1759,1557749,00.asp
That'll keep you busy for a while!
There are a few differences. For example, on Linux you can use CGI shell scripts more easily than on Windows, though with PERL & PHP out there I'm not sure why you would want to. Visual Basic, ASP and .NET are native to Windows although there are various equivalents in various stages of development for the Linux platform. IIS runs on Windows, Apache runs on either. Linux is usually case-sensitive for directory and file names, Windows is not (this matters if you develop on one and move to the other.)
If you need the features of IIS, VB, ASP or .Net, you should probably stick with Windows. If you need to run UNIX shell scripts through the CGI, you should probably stick with Linux. While cross platform support for these features may be available, you will usually find life easier if you use them in their native habitats.
That all being said, when looking for a hosting service provider, it's usually better these days to worry about the quality of service the hosting company can provide than to spend too much time concerned about the operating system. Take a look at factors like connectivity speed and capacity, uptime guarantees, technical support, price and the like, and worry about the operating system only if you know you have to for something particular you want to do.
Thanks for Reading!
- Vince Barnes
Questions are taken from submissions to our Community Mentors. You can ask a Mentor a question by going to http://www.htmlgoodies.com/mentors.
Q. I'm trying to set up an email form. How do I send form data to an email address instead of a file? My email form just brings up outlook; how do I get it to send email directly? When I get data to my email address it is in an attachment with an ".att" extension -- what is this and how do I read it? How do I get my email form data to be formatted as text instead of being full of stuff like "1=on&2=on&3=Better+Management"?
A. To get rid of the .att extension (and formatting problems) add enctype="text/html to the form tag like so:
<form action="mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org" method="post" enctype="text/plain">
Version 6 (and above) browsers do not support email forms (action="mailto:... etc.) Instead, it is necessary to use CGI scripts (PERL, CGI Shell Scripts, PHP etc.) Alternatively, if your server supports FrontPage extensions, there is a "WebBot" in FrontPage that automatically handles sending form data to an email address (as an option to, or in addition to saving it to a file.)
[See also: http://www.htmlgoodies.com/articles/emailforms1.html
and http://www.htmlgoodies.com/articles/emailformphp.html -- Ed.]
Q. When I run the following script it returns the correct day, year, and time. However, the month returns as the previous month, e.g. this month, December (12), is shown as November (11) (my computer does have the correct date.)
RightNow = new Date();
document.write("Today's date is " + RightNow.getMonth()+ "-")
document.write(" "+ RightNow.getDate() + "-" + RightNow.getFullYear() + ".")
document.write("You entered this Web Page at exactly: " + RightNow.getHours() + " hours")
document.write(" "+ RightNow.getMinutes() + " minutes and " + RightNow.getSeconds() + " seconds")
A. I have run into this before. The solution is to:
1. Add the following code immediately after RightNow = new Date(); in your function:
newMonth = RightNow.getMonth() + 1;
2. Next change the line that returns the month to:
document.write("Today's date is " +newMonth+ "-")
[See also http://www.htmlgoodies.com/dateandtime -- Ed.]
Q. I need to change the indent length on a nested unordered list. Any ideas?
A. There are multiple ways, so I refer you to these tutorials:
A. Yes, you use a server side include. This tutorial explains it: http://www.htmlgoodies.com/beyond/ssi.html
[See also http://www.htmlgoodies.com/letters/231.html -- Ed.]
A. When running multiple scripts on one page you need to insure that the different scripts do not use the same variable and/or function names. If they do then you will have to change those that conflict. If you need to have multiple scripts start when the page loads the best way I have found is to use
the onLoad event in the BODY tag to call both of them making sure you separate them with a semicolon.
Q. Do you know of any commands that will not display the password as you type it, or put in a series of asterisks, while still keeping the data so that it can be compared to the values in a database?
A. HTML has a password form field that displays asterisks.
<input type="password" name="var name" size="40" maxlength="80" value="default value">
Reaching for Real Starz
[June 14, 2004] RealNetworks and Starz embrace a monthly subscription model for your cinematic enjoyment.
Intel to Pre-Certify White Boxes
[June 14, 2004] Fledgling program focuses on independent hardware and software vendors.
Mozilla's Newest FireFox Takes Flight
[June 14, 2004] Another round in the browser wars?
HDS Gets Serious About SATA
[June 14, 2004] The vendor adds cost storage tool to its fibre channel mix on its Thunder 9500 V midrange machine.
PDF with a Net
[June 14, 2004] Corda's new Highwire extends its line of server-based, data-presentation applications.
Oracle, DOJ Documents May Lose Seals
[June 11, 2004] Legal maneuver by a federal judge could shift some enterprise software strategies.
FreeBSD, Stealth-Growth Open Source Project
[June 11, 2004] Is FreeBSD, that other Unix-like open source operating system, on the comeback trail?
Microsoft Building 'Safer Search'
[June 11, 2004] Redmond looks to differentiate its next-generation search technology.
Buffer Overflows Patched in RealPlayer
[June 11, 2004] Millions of users at risk of PC takeover.
Microsoft Patent in Review
[June 11, 2004] Update: Patent watchdog requests a look into the company's patented file system.
Every week a site is selected for review. Each week, reviews of the previous week's selected site are chosen for publication on the HTML Goodies website.
The current week's selected site is published in Goodies To
Go and in the Peer Reviews section of the website.
Current contact email addresses for submitting your site and
for submitting reviews are published in Goodies To Go.
If you would like to have your site reviewed, sign up for the Goodies To Go newsletter in the Navigation Bar on the left side of this page.
For full details about this program, see http://www.htmlgoodies.com/peerreviews
Did you ever wish your newsletter was an easy two way communications medium? Ploof! It now is!
If you would like to comment on the newsletter or expand/improve on something you have seen in here, you can now send your input to:
We already receive a lot of email every day. This address will help us sort out those relating specifically to this newsletter from all the rest. When you send email to this address it may wind up being included in this section of the newsletter, to be shared with your fellow readers. Please don't send your questions to this address. They should be sent to our mentors: see http://www.htmlgoodies.com/mentors/
For those who are missing Peer reviews: we are once again revising the Peer review program in the hopes of creating a workable solution. The current plan is to move the new Peer Review pages into place in the new year. All those who have been selected for reviews in the past will be featured in the new pages. The new method will make it much easier for your peers to provide feedback and much easier for us to handle the publication side of things. "Watch this space!" It's coming soon!!
Thanks again for all your feedback!
Windows Tech Goodie of the Week:
Hit Counter ASP.NET Sample Code
This script is a ASP.NET version of our classic hit counter. I've implemented it as a custom user control in order to make it easy to use on a large number of pages. It works in much the same manner as our original sample and lets you select whether you want the count displayed as text or images. I've also added a new option to show no display at all.
*** AND ***
Kerberos Authentication with Web Services Enhancements 2.0
Kerberos authentication is the cornerstone of Windows operating system authentication architecture. Web Services Enhancements 2.0 (WSE 2.0) extends Kerberos support to ASP.NET Web services. Chris Peiris explains the support for this new feature in WSE 2.0.
And Remember This . . .
On this day in...
1982 Argentina Surrenders, Ends Falkland Islands War
After a war that had lasted 72 days and cost over a thousand lives (236 British and 655 Argentinean) and more than two billion dollars, Argentine commander Mario Menendez signed an "unnegotiated cease fire" and 9800 Argentine troops put down their weapons, thereby ending the Falkland Island War. On March 26 1982 dictator General Leopoldo Galtieri launched an invasion of the Falkland Islands, then (and still) a British territory, that had been planned by commander of the Argentine Navy Admiral Jorge Anaya. Galtieri intended the invasion to bolster popularity for his government. While it had the desired effect in the very short term, the sound defeat of his forces by much smaller British forces eventually led to the fall of his dictatorship and the return of democracy to Argentina. The outcome of the war also helped Margaret Thatcher to win a landslide re-election.
Today was also the day that in: 1775 the United States Army was founded; 1775 the Continental Congress adopted the Stars & Stripes as the replacement for the Grand Union flag; 1834 Isaac Fischer of Vermont invented sandpaper; 1847 Bunson invented the gas burner; John McTammany of Massachusetts invented the player piano; 1935 the Chaco War between Bolivia & Paraguay ended; 1942 Disney released "Bambi"; 1949 the state of Vietnam was formed; 1951 the first commercial computer, UNIVAC I, went into service at the US Census Bureau; 1953 Elvis Presley graduated from LC Humes High School in Memphis Tennessee; 1954 President Eisenhower signed an order adding the words "under God" to the US Pledge of Allegiance; 1965 John Lennon's 2nd book "A Spaniard in the Works" was published; 1985 Lebanese Shiite Moslem gunmen hijacked TWA 847 after its Athens' takeoff;
Born today were: in 1820 "Familiar Quotations" compiler John Bartlett; 1864 German psychiatrist/pathologist Alois Alzheimer; 1909 singer/actor Burl Ives; 1918 actress Dorothy McGuire; 1919 actor Sam Wanamaker; 1921 actor Gene Barry; 1946 real estate mogul Donald Trump; 1952 actor Eddie Mekka (Carmine - Laverne & Shirley); 1961 musician Boy George O'Dowd; 1969 German tennis player Steffi Graf;
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